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#1 13-06-2018 11:48:35

apple527
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Registered: 08-10-2016
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“God forbid that India should even take to industrialism after the manner of the west…. It would strip the world bare like locusts.” Mahatma Gandhi Zinedine Zidane France Jersey , 1928

Rural India is currently undergoing rapid transformation at a pace unprepared for by the government. Advent of mass communication and side effects of globalization are ushering affluence and ability to millions in rural India. This sudden influx of technology is taking a heavy toll on the traditional livelihoods which were environment friendly. The consequence is uncontrolled deforestation, pollution of water bodies Yohan Cabaye France Jersey , widespread wastage of non renewal resources, and poisoning of the earth with strong chemicals. In this context the need for environmental education for the masses assumes critical proportions. The lack of awareness about environmental issues often acts as the major hindrance to sustainable programs by government Steve Mandanda France Jersey , NGOs and corporate houses.

The Challenges to Environmental Education

There are several challenges which stare at the environmental initiatives across rural India:

• Widespread illiteracy among rural masses.

• Vast and diverse country necessitating customized approach to every part.

• Lack of synergy between government and non government agencies.

• Cost effectiveness of large scale awareness campaigns.

• Exploring and identifying the right human as well as financial resources to spread awareness.

• Hindrance to government sponsored sustainable programs for development in face of easy and cheap means that are anti environment.

• Making environment relevant to the daily existence of masses in rural areas.
The Urgent Need

Percolation of semi urban lifestyles and industrialization into rural India is a matter of grave concern for the government as well as environmentalists given the back drop of complete lack of environmental awareness. This fast evolving scenario has posed serious threats to the ecological balance in major parts of rural India with new and dynamic issues cropping up constantly.
Some of the pressing problems currently are:

• Rapid disappearance of social forestry from villages across India.

• Widespread use of plastic leading to the near extinction of several local species such as the sparrow and the Indian vulture.

• Heavy pollution of community water bodies such as ponds and lakes leading to frequent occurrence of diseases among the users.

• Excessive use of pesticides leading to infertility of soil in many parts.

• Unrestricted bore wells drilling that has resulted in the ground water level falling at alarming rates.
Opportunities for Implementing Sustainable Programs

However amidst this gloomy backdrop lie excellent opportunities waiting to be harnessed. The outreach of mass communication media has opened new avenues for government as well as non government initiatives to spread awareness on a large scale. The presence of NGOs in rural India has increased many folds over the last decade providing the right human resource to carry forward the environmental objectives. There are several corporate houses ready to invest in implementing sustainable programs as part of their CSR efforts implying availability of financial resources to aid government initiatives. Technology has improved substantially to enable minimizing costs of environmental friendly solutions for every walk of life.

The aim of any environmental education should be to allow individuals to explore and gain a deeper understanding of environmental issues and have the skills to make informed and responsible decisions. Such awareness among the rural masses will lead to the willing adoption of sustainable programs and thus aid the process of conservation of the environment. Empowerment of the stakeholders through awareness is the key to environmental education in rural India.

WASHINGTON, June 5 (Xinhua) -- U.S. researchers said Thursday they have found important physical evidence that sleep helps consolidate and strengthen new memories.


In a study published in the U.S. journal Science Samuel Umtiti France Jersey , researchers at New York University showed for the first time that sleep after learning encourages the growth of dendritic spines, the tiny protrusions from brain cells that connect to other brain cells and facilitate the passage of information across synapses Raphael Varane France Jersey , the junctions at which brain cells meet.


Moreover, the activity of brain cells during deep sleep called slow-wave sleep after learning is critical for such growth.


"We've known for a long time that sleep plays an important role in learning and memory. If you don't sleep well you won't learn well Paul Pogba France Jersey ," senior investigator Wen-Biao Gan, professor of neuroscience and physiology of the university Patrice Evra France Jersey , said.


"But what's the underlying physical mechanism responsible for this phenomenon? Here we've shown how sleep helps neurons form very specific connections on dendritic branches that may facilitate long-term memory," Gan said.


Gan and colleagues employed mice genetically engineered to express a fluorescent protein in neurons.


Using a special laser-scanning microscope that illuminates the glowing fluorescent proteins in the motor cortex Olivier Giroud France Jersey , they were then able to track and image the growth of dendritic spines along individual branches of dendrites before and after mice learned to balance on a spin rod.


They trained two sets of mice: one trained on the spinning rod for an hour and then slept for 7 hours; the second trained for the same period of time on the rod but stayed awake for 7 hours.


The researchers found that the sleep-deprived mice experienced significantly less dendritic spine growth than the well-rested mice.


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